CB Deputy Governor sounds warning note to banking industry and calls for technology embrace

CB Deputy Governor sounds warning note to banking industry and calls for technology embrace

Published by: Daily FT

By Charumini de Silva

Sri Lanka’s financial sector needs to rise up and embrace technology to foster economic growth or risk having the system be disrupted by more dynamic sectors, warned a top banking official yesterday.

Central Bank Deputy Governor Dr. Nandalal Weerasinghe, delivering his keynote address as Chief Guest at BankTech Asia, Sri Lanka Series called on the industry to take its services and access to the next level.

“My fellow colleagues, the new reality for the banking landscape is disruption,” he said.

 

Nandalal

Emphasising that the financial services sector needed to disrupt itself before someone else does it for them, Dr. Weerasinghe called on the financial sector to rise up to the challenge by investing in technology.

Pointing out that banking and finance has always been the lifeblood of many economies, with Sri Lanka no exception, he insisted that it was vital that the industry modernise its technology to provide more efficient, safe and better services for the country to advance in economic development.

“We as an industry are faced with two options in the new modern economy. We can choose to adapt to shifting consumer demands for digital technology or we can remain complacent and be left behind in this fast-paced world,” he added.

Given the rise of mobile technology, Dr. Weerasinghe said the banking sector could not remain complacent as it could make these services available to its customers around the clock.

“The banking sector is undergoing rapid transformations. Increasingly around the globe, and to some extent Sri Lanka, we are witnessing challenges competing with the incumbents with faster and more agile technology. Gone are the days when customers were required to walk into a branch to conduct their banking activities. They now expect safe and secure banking at the tips of their fingers,” he stated.

He acknowledged that the Central Bank had continued to take measures to strengthen the payment and settlement infrastructure of the country and to develop an efficient and stable system, capable of catering to growing payment needs

“To drive this crucial function, we are working towards improving the national payment system to promote electronic payments that would eventually lead to a less cash dependent society,” he noted.

In this regard, Dr. Weerasinghe said several measures had been included in the Central Bank of Sri Lanka Road Map for 2017-21. A payment platform is being developed to effect Government payments, particularly payments to Sri Lanka Customs, through the Common Electronic Fund Transfer Switch (CEFTS) in real time.

In addition, a National Card Scheme (NCS) is being introduced as a cost-effective alternative to currently available international card schemes and a Common Point-Of-Sale Switch (CPS) is being developed to facilitate clearing and switching of transactions carried out using  payment cards issued under the National Card Scheme. A Common Mobile Switch (CMobs) will be implemented to facilitate interoperability between mobile wallets.

“We will monitor the progress of licensed banks and other financial institutions joining the CEFTS, CPS and CMobS and adopt policies with a view of increasing the efficiency of electronic retail payment systems and minimising risks associated with such payment systems,” he added.

Sri Lanka banks, tech firms urged to co-operate to push e-commerce

Published by: Economy Next

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lankan banks need to co-operate among themselves and with technology companies to encourage greater use of digital transactions, Channa De Silva, chief executive of LankaClear.

He said LankaClear, an electronic clearing house owned by banks which handles inter-bank funds transfers and provides links for a common automated teller machine network, was keen to encourage digital transactions and reduce use of cash.

“We’re also interested in identifying why things are not moving the way they ought to and working with you, including your customers, to make it happen,” DeSilva told BankTech Asia 2017 in Colombo, a forum organized by Malaysia based Knowledge Group.

“Because the addressable market size is there, the technology is there, banks, customers and their requirements are there and what are we doing about it? How do we get together as a community and grow this business?”

De Silva said greater use of technology and encouragement of digital transactions has the potential to increase business for banks.

“If you grow the pie bigger, everybody benefits,” he said. “Because the size of the pie is not growing at the pace we want.”
(COLOMBO, March 27, 2017)

The State of Fintech in Philippines – 3 Notable Examples

Philippines is a fascinating market, HSBC predicted that in 2050 Philippines will be the 16th largest economy in the world, 5th largest in Asia and largest in South East Asia ahead of its neighbours like Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.Yet, despite being projected as a fast growing economy in the region, Philippines is riddled with many fundamental issues within its financial services sector. According to World Bank, 69% of its adult population remains unbanked, that is a staggering number!

All around the world we see trends of fintech firms emerging to serve this largely underserved market.In October 2015, Bangko Sentral Ng Pilipinas which is the central bank for Philippines announced that they will be closely monitoring the development of fintech. The central bank is currently still taking a very cautious stance

One of the (banking) challenges we’re looking into right now is the FinTech kind of solutions because it’s a game-changing tool. It changed the business model of banks in payments and trade,

– BSP deputy governor Nestor A. Espenilla Jr.

In 2016 the transaction value of fintech clocked in at 4.9 billion. So is Philippines embracing fintech to resolve this issue? Let’s explore.

 

Landbank Mobile Loan Saver Programme

Fintech Philippines, Landbank Mobile Loan Savers

Source: Smart PH

Landbank of Philippines ranks amongst the top 5 commercial banks in the country in terms of deposits, assets, loans and capital. It’s a government linked financial institution with a specific  loan portfolio focus of farmers and fishermen, small and medium enterprises and microenterprises, livelihood loans and agribusiness, agri-infrastructure and other agri- and environment-related projects, socialized housing, schools and hospitals

One of the notable examples of partnerships between banks and fintech were between Landbank and Voyager Innovations and Smart Emoney. It is interesting to note that both Voyager Innovation and Smart Emoney are units under PLDT which is short for Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company. PLDT is a local telecommunications provider and internet service provider in Philippines

In their partnership they launched the LMLS which is short for LANDBANK Mobile Loan Saver, which is the country’s first paperless payday loan programme. As of 31st March 2016 the programme processed roughly 1.5 billion USD worth of loans.

With LMLS, loan applicants are not required to visit the branch and go through the painful process of filling up loan application forms. Which is increasingly important in Philippines, because banks are not exactly very accessible for some in the rural areas.

Loan applicants will only need to send a text message from their SMART prepaid card and fill up the application online and it is available 24/7. What’s really interesting is that 20% of the applications were processed outside of banking hours. This is a clear example of an increasingly connected digital market and perhaps a sign for banks to make more of their services available to their customers outside of the typical banking hours.

 

Lendr

Fintech Platform Lendr

Source: Lendr

Lendr is full-fledged digital omni-channel platform that is telco and bank-agnostic in which the financial services industry can use to reach consumers planning to avail themselves of loans through a single online “marketplace.”

In late 2015 Lendr secured its first banking partner, China Banking Corporation. Despite being named China Banking Corporation, strictly speaking it is not a bank from China. The bank was set up by a group of top Chinese businessmen in the 1920’s. In fact their operations in China only began in 1925, 5 years after its inception in Manila. It is the top 10 largest banks by assets in Philippines

Much like Land Bank’s LMLS programme, applicants need not show up at a branch, they can simply go through the entire loan application process via Lendr which is accessible easily via mobile

With the partnership, clients of China Bank Savings can now complete the loan application process online, track their loan application and monitor their monthly loan payments, balance and other amortizations.

Following China Banking Corporation’s partnership, several major banks like Union Bank and Philippines National Bank followed suit and signed up to be a part of the online loan marketplace. If this sounds really similar to the LMLS programme, it is because Lendr is also part of PLDT

 

Lenddo

Fintech Company Lenddo

Source: Lenddo

Lenddo is a credit risk and verification technology that uses massive amounts of opt-in alternative data such as Facebook and Linkedin. According to its founder the algorithms are self-learning and it constantly incorporates new data sets to maximize its predictive power. Lenddo set up shop in Philippines in January 2011 and is now present in 15 countries.

One fascinating fact that is not known to many outside of the Philippines and the industry is that there is no centralized credit scoring agency in the country. Only in 2008 did the government set up the Credit Information Corporation and said that that they will have 80% of the relevant data ready by 2016 which they only announced back in 2014!  This made Lenddo’s solution that much more relevant for the Filipino market.

A solution like Lenddo would be very well suited to be used by the plethora of fintech companies who are involved with P2P lending and online loan market places, to help them better manage their credit risk.


While the banks in Philippines have not reacted as swiftly nor as aggressively compared to many of its ASEAN neighbours there are some interesting fintech startups emerging from this country. The Philippines space will definitely be an interesting one to watch in the years to come.

It appears that telco players like PLDT are especially dominant in comparison to banks in Philippines, every corner you turn in the fintech space within Philippines, you’re bound to run into an innovation from Voyager. It is no wonder that its Managing Director of FinTech & Digital Inclusion & Alliances, Lito Villanueva is named as one of the top 100 Fintech Innovators.

Which is why, we are very excited to say that Lito will be speaking at BankTech Asia Manila on the 24th-25th May 2016. I’m personally looking forward to his session during the event, and I’m pretty sure some interesting insights will come out of it.

 

About the Author

Vincent Fong is the General Manager of Knowledge Group and a self-proclaimed pundit of banking technology and fintech

How Financial Technology Companies (Fintech) can Complement Bank Services, Products

By Imee Charlee C. DelavinReporter Business World Philippines

FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGY (FinTech) firms are seen to complement the products and services offered by banks, providing growth areas for lenders to expand market reach and tap the unbanked sector.

WED_9377

FinTech companies were earlier seen to play an increasingly important role in the financial services industry — gaining substantial scale from accessing large unbanked sectors — with the emergence of tech-savvy classes providing the growth areas.

Malik Khan Kotadia, Global Banking Group senior vice president, said FinTechs will allow lenders to adapt to the changing financial environment at a much faster pace noting how banks have been adapting “but the change is very slow and very incremental.”“Things have changed around us … banking environment has been changing too. We see banks moving, but moving slow. With the growth in mobile penetration, FinTech becomes an enabler [for the banks] to help expand and attract other markets, tapping into other segments that banks would otherwise have difficulty [going after],” Mr. Kotadia said in a presentation at the BankTechAsia 2016 Manila series on retail banking technologies in Makati on Tuesday.

In the Philippines, he noted FinTech companies and banks could work hand in hand through partnerships and collaborations where “it makes sense.”Smartphone penetration in the country stood at 34% and is growing fast with a push towards mass market adoption of mobile internet.Studies conducted by the global public-private group Better Than Cash Alliance said that Filipinos make about 2.5 billion payment transactions per month worth $74 billion, but only 1% of these is transacted electronically and 99% of the transactions are paid either in cash or checks.

247_7756Mark B. Perez, retail banking head for Metropolitan Bank & Trust Co. (Metrobank) shared the same view, saying FinTechs are “allies rather than threats” to the banks.“I generally think there are a lot of opportunities for FinTechs and banks to work together. While there are spaces where the FinTech companies seem to be better than banks, at the very core of the banking systems are the banks, so banks have the capability to drive the use of [FinTech],” Mr. Perez said.“FinTech provides us with something to learn from. You have to look at it like partnerships — e-commerce is to retail stores and FinTech is to banks … eventually there will be stand alone banks, banks with FinTech components and FinTech firms alone. Its the natural progression of technology. That’s the way to go.”

Debt watcher Fitch Rating had said FinTech firms could potentially change the banking status quo and possibly disrupt the financial sector, with risks where banks and regulators have limited experience in managing new technologies.

Nonetheless, FinTech remains a “nascent sector” despite rapid growth in large markets with peer-to-peer (P2P) lending, online payment systems and digital wallets focused on retail consumers.

“The rise of FinTech could raise risks to traditional banks which fail to transform over the long term. The rapid adoption of disruptive tech could raise security and operational vulnerabilities for banks if systems and resources to manage the new technologies are not enhanced … New technologies could also alter banks’ business and operating models in the long term by eroding a previously lucrative business line or reliable funding source, and thus indirectly affect credit profiles as well,” it added.

WED_9491Lito M. Villanueva, Voyager vice president and head of Fintech, Digital Inclusion and Alliances, said during the same event that “FinTech is not about disrupting banks.”
“It is about enabling partners to promote cost and service efficiencies, engaging regulators on emerging digital landscape and empowering consumers via frictionless experience leveraging on the ubiquity of mobile,” Mr. Villanueva said.In particular, he noted that FinTech acts as enabler — in emerging markets like the Philippines — with banks still at the core of operations.“Banks, just like all big institutions, needs to adapt to and ride the digital tsunami, lest they become irrelevant. Digital partnerships will pave the way for reducing capex (capital expenditures) and achieving ever greater cost efficiencies,” he added.Mr. Villanueva noted that digitization can enhance the banking system’s return on assets by 0.3% to 0.4% which can translate into potential reduction of interest rates for borrowers by 1-1.5%.Smartphones, he noted, will start driving bank growth as it becomes the primary banking channel by 2017. In his presentation, the Voyager executive said 37% of cities and municipalities are without any banking presence; and it takes an average of 21 minutes to reach the nearest financial access point. The 16,316 automated teller machines (ATM) around the country also brings the ratio of ATM to people at 2:10,000 nationwide.
WED_9636For his part, Randolph Montessa, Land Bank of the Philippines first vice president and head of the card and e-banking group, said technology is the greatest enabler that will allow banks to service the unbanked sectors of the society and promote financial inclusion.“Banks should leverage on technology to enable full financial inclusion,” he said.

BSP Governor Amando M. Tetangco, Jr., earlier said shifting to an electronics-based payment system should help promote financial stability and inclusion in the country.

This article was also featured on print

How Philippines’ banking will look like in 2020

By Elyssa Christine Lopez |Entrepreneur Philippines | May 25, 2016

bspannafinal

GOING DIGITAL.  BSP Core Information Technology Specialist Group Bank Officer V Anna Racines said the proposed NRPS framework would hopefully eradicate consumers’ initial hesitation to use digital banking. Photo by Elyssa Lopez / Entrepreneur Philippines

With the onslaught of Bitcoin and online shopping, banking and financial institutions are forced to keep up as the consumers’ habits rapidly change with the times.Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) is not turning a blind eye on these realities, in fact, they aspire that 20% of payments in the country will be done digitally by 2020.“A World Bank study actually showed that economies with great volume of electronic payments tend to have higher level of per capita income,” BSP Core Information Technology Specialist Group Bank Officer V Anna Racines said in her talk at the 8th BankTech Asia on Tuesday, May 24.

But the road to digital adaption will not be smooth ride, as a study of Better than Cash Alliance in 2015 revealed that out of all payment transactions done in the Philippines, only 1% are considered digital.

 

National Retail Payment System

So BSP proposed the National Retail Payment System (NRPS) framework to the industry that will, hopefully, convene financial institutions, banks, and other government agencies to embrace the digital solutions available and craft innovations for better services to the public. “The NRPS framework are high-level principles that would be followed by the financial institutions who wish to participate. This would hopefully enable interoperability between them with the assurance of safety and affordability for consumers,” Racines said.

Under the initiative, the electronic credit transfer scheme may be possible, which will enable any individual or business with an account in any financial institution to transfer funds and/or make payments to any other account within the framework. Once it pushes through, the retail payment system will hopefully clear consumers’ initial hesitation to keep their money in digital form for security purposes or impending inconvenience as its use is still limited.

BSP has been conducting studies since 2013 but only laid out the framework in December last year. Racines is positive the initiative will move forward even with the changing administration as President-elect Rodrigo Duterte also echoes what the central bank aspires for: a transparent and better banking service.

“I think President-elect Duterte will be supportive of this plan because he has previously stated he aims for transparency and what we’re doing are in accordance to his policies,” Racines told Entrepreneur.com.ph on the sidelines of the event. The passing into law of the formation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology is also good news for the central bank as this meant better government support of their initiatives.

Racines said they are still in talks with other government agencies like the Commission on Audit (COA) and Department of Finance (DOF) as they review on the present regulations and policies that could be impeding the NRPS to push through.“Although we already have the e-commerce law, there are still some policies that need to be reviewed. Like the COA mandates a physical receipt for some transactions,” Racines said.

TRAILBLAZING. FIN:TQ President and CEO Lito Villanueva said smartphones will be the leading banking chnnael by 2017 as more financial institutions adapt financial technologies. Photo by Elyssa Lopez / Entrepreneur Philippines

Emerging Filipino fintech

For the private sector, this has long been part of their plan even before the government took notice.In the first quarter report of PLDT Inc., the company highlighted their financial technologies’ triumphs, albeit small in scale today, and emphasized how the sector could be one of its revenue drivers in the future as part of their 3-year digitalization.

“Unlike what most believe, FinTech is an enabler not a disruptor for financial institutions. It will provide the gap for institutions to become competitive,” FIN:TQ President and CEO Lito Villanueva said in his talk at the 8th BankTech Asia. FinTech or financial technology is an economic industry composed of companies that use technology to make financial services more efficient.

Contrary to the public notion that FinTech is exclusive to millennials, Villanueva said a study showed 45% who use the technology are from Gen X. In fact, one of the emerging businesses in the sector is digital lending, which can still reach new markets especially in far flung, rural areas.

“In the Philippines, 21% of those who applied [for loans] came from third to sixth class municipalities or areas without brick and mortar banks. So banks, instead of building new branches, can actually just build better digital platforms to reach customers,” Villanueva added. The FIN:TQ executive said by 2017, smartphones will be the primary channel of banking, as most transactions would be done in a click.

“We have to make sure the solutions we will push to consumers are systemic, catalytic, transformational, and trailblazing for banks to stay relevant,” Villanueva said.

Source: http://www.entrepreneur.com.ph/startup-tips/ph-banking-fintech-2020-a746-20160525

Quick Take: Will Brexit Crush London’s Fintech Scene?

Brexit_Blog_Image

Source: http://www.politico.eu/

To many of us in the industry London is the King of Fintech in Europe and arguably one of the most vibrant spaces in the world, for fintech startups to flourish. The recent shocking news of UK exiting the European Union will have massive and far reaching implications.

This is my quick take on how this will affect the landscape in London.

 

Bilateral Agreements

Singapore and London has recently inked and agreement to boost fintech trade between the two nations on the 11th May 2016. While UK is using Singapore as a bridge to Asia, it is also likely that Singapore is using UK as a bridge to Europe. I suspect that, moving forward authorities around the world will reconsider the attractiveness of UK as a market.

Talent

Talent is at the heart of any startup be it fintech or not, without the free labour movement provided by being part of the European Union fintech firms that rely on EU citizen talents will be affected. It is plausible that as a result of that, we may see some firms moving their business elsewhere.

Free Market Movement

Part of the attractiveness of London is the ability to roll-out your fintech solution Europe wide, will this disappear with the brexit? Will this create a situation where fintech startups will have to jump through hoops and go through regulatory challenges when it comes to opening up subsidiaries, restructuring legal entities, filing for a new license, and so forth?


Berlin is frequently described as being ‘second only to London’ as Europe’s hottest fintech centre, with the recent shocking developments will Berlin topple London and reign as the new “King of Fintech” in Europe? The full implication of brexit is largely unknown, the next few months will be a nail-biter for sure.

This is a quick take on the subject, if you would like a more in depth analysis let me know in the comments below

 

About the Author

Vincent Fong is the General Manager of Knowledge Group and a self-proclaimed pundit of banking technology and fintech

Which 3 Malaysian Banks are Working with Fintech Companies?

These days if you are within the financial services industry ecosystem, the biggest challenge of your day is to have an entire day go by without hearing the term

“Fintech is going to eat banks for lunch” – Everybody

(Though it’s highly recommended that you do not eat banks for lunch as it is neither nutritious nor delicious)

While I agree that fintech is really reshaping the financial landscape and will bring forth wonderful innovations in the years to come, I am curious if banks (or dinosaurs, as the industry so fondly refers to them as) will be pushed to the brink of extinction, like actual dinosaurs. It’s true, a large chunk of the bank’s profits are at risk but are banks taking a nice long afternoon nap while fintech slowly munches on their lunch?

Let’s explore some examples of Malaysian banks actively working with Fintech


CIMB Bank
cimb bank 2

CIMB bank is Malaysia’s second largest bank with 7.5 million customers in Malaysia alone. The group employs over 40,000 employees across the ASEAN region.In May 2015, CIMB launched their incubation programme known as Innochallenge. It is aimed at the ideation and creation of new fintech solutions. In this programme both CIMB and the Multimedia Development Corporation (MDeC) actively mentored the fintech startups.

They have picked 4 winners from that pool of fintech startups and they are developing the bank’s digital and mobile banking solutions. Logically, CIMB will also be hosting the 2016 session and it will focus on the following areas

  • Loyalty & Rewards
  • Identity, Security & Document Management using blockchain
  • Remittances
  • Mobile Payments
  • P2P
  • Digital Wallets

“One of the main reasons why we are tying up with Startupbootcamp FinTech is because CIMB has always been focused on technology.”

-CIMB group chief executive officer Zafrul Aziz.

On top of their Innochallenge, CIMB bank worked with Startupbootcamp in 2015 to mentor the fintech startups in Singapore. The main purpose of this partnership is to scout for, and evaluate, new technology and ideas for the future. It’s curious as to why CIMB chose Singapore instead of its home base- Malaysia, but upon further inspection you’ll find that it is likely because Startupbootcamp announced an exclusive partnership with RHB Bank (which we’ll talk more about shortly)

 

RHB Bank

RHBBank

RHB Bank is the 4th largest bank in Malaysia with a network of 210 branches in Malaysia and 19 across 9 asian countries. As mentioned in the earlier part of the article, RHB is the exclusive partner for Startupbootcamp within Malaysia’s fintech space. Their announcement of partnership came one month earlier than CIMB

RHB aims to bring digital innovations to the banking market in Malaysia through this partnership. In this partnership RHB will evaluate, fund, mentor and also organise hackathons in Kuala Lumpur. The group will also be spending 20% of their capex this year to execute new digital strategies.

“Our customers can expect to see the integration of seamless and innovative digital solutions from some of the best global and regional fintech companies.”

-Khairussaleh Ramli, RHB group Managing Director

Maybank

Maybank

Last but not least, Maybank is the largest bank in Malaysia servicing over 22 million customers.

In 2015 Maybank organised the Maybank Fintech 2015 in partnership with local VC firm L337 Ventures and over 100 technology companies from 10 countries took part in the event. In 2016 Maybank will target at least 200 companies to take part in the initiative.

Maybank sees MaybankFintech as a tremendous opportunity for Maybank to harness the startups ecosystem regionally, to acquire the best innovation ideas in financial technology.

Their focus for this year will be in the area of;

  • Mobile Banking
  • Payments
  • Lending
  • Distributed Database (Blockchain)
  • Asset Management
  • Humanising Financial Services (Financial Inclusion)
  • Security
  • IOT
  • Islamic Finance
  • Big Data

 

“Our Maybank Fintech programme is a unique platform for aspiring innovators to showcase their ideas. We want to be a central member of the Fintech community in the region, to help grow and support entrepreneurs, by providing them with an avenue to connect directly with the financial industry.”

– Micheal Foong, Group Chief Strategy Officer, Maybank


Several years back many of us in the industry were debating whether banks will fight these disruptive companies head on with better technology or steer towards collaborating with them. Recent news seem to indicate that banks are leaning towards working with them.

So what do you think fintech is eating the banks for lunch or is the bank buying lunch for fintech?

Let me know in the comments below

Quick Plug: Interested to find out more the fintech scene in Malaysia? Join us for our 8th BankTech Asia Conference & Exhibition in November 2016

 

About the Author

Vincent Fong is the General Manager of Knowledge Group and a self-proclaimed pundit of banking technology and fintech

The Emergence of Fintech: Where Does Malaysia Stand?

Fintech-Article-Mlaaysia-2016

Fintech is a space that we’ve been operating in for the past eight years and a space we have observed for an even longer time. It is truly an exciting space to be in at this day and age. Years ago, subjects related to fintech and banking technology were highly esoteric.

Speak to anyone outside the industry about the subject and you’ll be met with blank stares. However that is not the case today. Fintech has become such a topic of interest and this is driven largely due to demands from consumers for faster, cheaper and more efficient banking services. A quick look at google trends tells a very poignant story on how fintech is quickly becoming a big part of many people’s lives from providing banking access to marginalized societies, to creating more efficient payment ecosystems for commerce.

 

Google Trends 1

Google Trends

To me is the best thing that can happen to the industry. Having consumers who are savvier and more demanding of better services will serve as the biggest drivers to the evolution of the industry for years to come. In this article, i’ll explore the fintech space within the context of Malaysia from the perspectives of regulators, banks and fintech companies.

Regulators

BNM building

Though Tan Sri Zeti Akhtar Aziz has been largely silent on the subject of fintech, her succesor Dato’ Muhammad Bin Ibrahim who was appointed in April 2016 has been extremely vocal and proactive in the space of fintech.

In his maiden speech, Dato’ Muhammad Bin Ibrahim in the month of May at GIFF 5.0 said “Fintech is challenging the status quo of the financial industry. New business models will emerge. Delivery channels will challenge existing norms. Transaction costs will be reduced. Rather than looking at the fintech revolution as unwelcoming, financial institutions ought to embrace it as an opportunity”.

In that very same speech he also mentioned that 10% to 40% of overall banking revenues could be at risk by 2025 due to financial technology or fintech innovations. Having recognized the potential and risks of the sector, Dato’ Muhammad Bin Ibrahim is quick to act and in less than a month of being appointed as the Governor he announced that a regulatory framework for fintech will be ready by July 2016. The reason for the timeframe, he mentioned is so that banking institutions will have time to comment on it.

In the month of June, Bank Negara Malaysia established the Financial Technology Enabler Group (FTEG) which is a cross functional group that will serve as the focal contact point on fintech related queries, which includes matters related to regulation and the adoption of fintech by the FSI sector. This group will be headed by Aznan Abdul Aziz who is currently the director of Bank Negara Malaysia’s Financial Sector Development Department.

As for the month of July, Bank Negara Malaysia has issues a discussion paper on the regulatory framework, while I do have contention with several points within the framework, this is definitely a healthy direction from our regulators. Perhaps, we’ll share our views on that in the next article.

As Malaysians, we have the tendency of comparing how we are faring with our neighbours down south. Let’s explore how we’re doing in comparison with Singapore. The country has one whole year of a head start, having appointed Sopnendu Mohanty as the Chief Fintech Officer under the Monetary Authority of Singapore. There are several interesting developments that are coming out of Singapore that can be considered by Malaysian regulators:

  1. Regulatory Sandbox
  • MAS has proposed for a regulatory sandbox. The regulatory sandbox approach is where innovations can be placed in a “sandbox” and offered to a small test group of customers or trialed over a 6 months period to limit the consequences of failure, in doing so ensuring the stability of the financial system and at the same time enabling innovation.
  1. Bilateral Partnerships
    • Singapore has signed an agreement with Australia to boost fintech trade. In this agreement fintech firms from both countries will be able to establish initial discussions in each other’s market faster and receive advice on required licenses, helping to reduce regulatory uncertainty and potentially, time to market.
    • In the same month Singapore has also inked a similar deal with the Korean Government.
  1. Open API’s ( Application Programming Interface)
    • The Monetary Authority of Singapore as a sign of leadership has mapped out a plan to make its data available through Open API’s. Following that initiative, OCBC bank became the first bank in the region to launch an Open API initiative. At the time of the announcement, OCBC Bank’s developer portal, Connect2OCBC, will be providing free access to four open-source APIs: The branch locator, ATM locator, smart card advisor and foreign exchange APIs. The implications of an Open API is far reaching and will massively foster collaborations between fintech and banks.

 

While it may seem that the regulators in Singapore are several steps ahead of Malaysia in the fintech space, I for one am quite hopeful. Under the stewardship of Dato Muhammad Bin Ibrahim, Bank Negara Malaysia has been a lot more progressive when it comes to matters related to fintech. In the short few months that he has been Governor we are seeing at least one announcement per month related to the development of the sector.

These are exciting times indeed, what direction will Bank Negara Malaysia take? Will they appoint Aznan as a Chief Fintech Officer like Monetary Authority of Singapore did with Sopnendu? Will we also move towards open API’s? Will Bank Negara Malaysia host a Fintech Festival like Indonesia and Singapore?

 

Banks

In the earlier part of the article we have quoted Dato’ Muhammad bin Ibrahim saying that 10%-40% of banking revenue could be at risk by 2025. With that much at stake, how are the banks responding to this new threat? We’ve highlighted the activities by the banks in our previous article, in this we feel it’d be appropriate to highlight them again and add in some updates to provide some cotext

Are they actively gearing up for the battle to come, are they embracing fintech into their ecosystem or are they disregarding fintech as a hype?

Let’s explore.

Maybank

Being the largest bank in Malaysia, it is no surprise that Maybank is amongst the first few banks embracing fintech. Historically Maybank has always been quick to adopt new technology as evidenced by the fact that several years back Maybank was one of the first to implement online banking.

In 2015 Maybank organised the Maybank Fintech 2015 in partnership with local VC firm L337 Ventures and over 100 technology companies from 10 countries took part in the event. In 2016 Maybank will target at least 200 companies to take part in the initiative.

Maybank sees Maybank Fintech as a tremendous opportunity for themselves to harness the startups ecosystem regionally, to acquire the best innovation ideas in financial technology.

Their focus for this year will be in the areas of:

  • Mobile BankingMaybank
  • Payments
  • Lending
  • Distributed Database (Blockchain)
  • Asset Management
  • Humanising Financial Services (Financial Inclusion)
  • Security
  • IOT
  • Islamic Finance
  • Big Data

“Our Maybank Fintech programme is a unique platform for aspiring innovators to showcase their ideas. We want to be a central member of the Fintech community in the region, to help grow and support entrepreneurs, by providing them with an avenue to connect directly with the financial industry.”

– Micheal Foong, Group Chief Strategy Officer, Maybank

CIMB Bank

cimb bank 2With 7.5 million customers in Malaysia alone and over 40,000 employees across the ASEAN region, CIMB bank is Malaysia’s second largest bank. CIMB launched their incubation programme known as Innochallenge in May 2015. The goal is the ideation and creation of new fintech solutions. In this programme, both CIMB and the Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation (MDeC) actively mentored the fintech startups.

They have picked 4 winners from that pool of fintech startups and they are currently developing the bank’s digital and mobile banking solutions. Logically, CIMB will also be hosting the 2016 session and it will focus on the following areas:

  • Loyalty & Rewards
  • Identity, Security & Document Management using blockchain
  • Remittances
  • Mobile Payments
  • P2P
  • Digital Wallets

CIMB bank worked with Startupbootcamp in 2015 to mentor the fintech startups in Singapore on top of their Innochallenge. This partnership’s main reason is to scout for, and evaluate, new technology and ideas for the future.

“One of the main reasons why we are tying up with Startupbootcamp FinTech is because CIMB has always been focused on technology.” -CIMB Group Chief Executive Officer, Zafrul Aziz.

RHBBankRHB Bank

With a network of 210 branches in Malaysia and 19 across nine Asian countries, RHB Bank is the 4th largest bank in Malaysia.

Through this partnership, RHB aims to bring digital innovations to the banking market in Malaysia. Here, RHB will evaluate, fund, mentor and also organise hackathons in Kuala Lumpur. Other than just working with fintech, the group will also be spending 20% of their capex this year to execute new digital strategies.

“Our customers can expect to see the integration of seamless and innovative digital solutions from some of the best global and regional fintech companies.” -Khairussaleh Ramli, RHB Group Managing Director

Ambank

AmBank_Malaysia_featAmbank is among the top-tier banks in Malaysia, employing over 12,000 employees with a network of 175 branches. Ambank is the latest bank in Malaysia to throw their hat in the ring. The Group CEO Datuk Sulaiman Mohd Tahir was quoted saying that the inclusion of fintech towards better mobile banking, cash management and understanding customer behaviour is now becoming very important to the bank.

Datuk Sulaiman also mentioned that their approach towards fintech will be through the banks current partner and shareholder ANZ. The plan to embrace fintech is reported to be ready in six months.

While it is encouraging to see banks taking an active step with accelerator programmes, there has been no major announcement related to tangible results or solutions coming out of these exercises. One can only speculate that perhaps these banks are waiting for the regulatory framework to be released in July 2016 or that the products are simply not market ready.

It is interesting to also note that out of the five top banks in Malaysia only Public Bank and Hong Leong Bank has not made any major announcements about their fintech play. Though, Raja Teh Maimunah who is the CEO of Hong Leong Islamic and the COO of Digital Innovation and Transactional Banking has been seen actively presenting keynotes within the fintech circuit. Therefore, it is not unlikely that the bank would be influenced by her vision of fintech and make an announcement in the months to come.

Whereas Public Bank’s playbook still remains unknown, the industry is skeptical if there will be any major moves from the bank, which is understandable as Public Bank has always been the more conservative player when it comes to technology despite being the most profitable bank in Malaysia.

At the time of writing, only four banks have made announcements of the fintech play. The next few months will be an interesting one to observe to see who else will join the fray.

Fintech Players

Accordingly Statista, the transaction value of fintech for 2016 stands at 6265.2 Million USD. While the market size is still relatively small compared to markets from different parts of the world, there are several promising players emerging from the local market. Having done an extensive research on the startups, I have narrowed it down to 3 companies and interviewed them to get some perspectives.

Neuroware

Neuroware is one of the few if not the only fintech player who operates within the blockchain space in Malaysia and perhaps also the first company to provide public blockchain API’s and developer toolkits in Asia. Their team has been actively speaking at conferences and conducting briefings to regulators, governmental agencies and banks, to help them understand the blockchain technology. At their most recent speaking engagement at BankTech Asia Manila, their speech captured the imagination of the bankers on the possibilities blockchain technology. Another interesting thing about Neuroware is the fact that they are the only Malaysian company to graduate out of the infamous “500 startups” in Mountain View.

When asked what sets them apart, Ruben Tan the CTO of Neuroware answered,

IMG_5355

Ruben Tan, in action at BankTech Asia Manila

“We’re a company dedicated to blockchain-agnostic solutions. This means our products are designed from ground up to work with different blockchains, and our goal is to make sure new blockchains can easily integrate into our products to provide functionality. This is our “religion” so to say, as we don’t openly endorse any single blockchain as the backbone for our solutions.”

Why we selected them: Blockchain is heralded as one of the most important innovations in the financial sector and beyond, as of January 2016 there are more than 60 banks leading financial institutions that have made statements confirming that they are actively working on blockchain projects.

Riding on this wave, we believe that Neuroware is in a strategic position to take advantage of this in Asia. What we are really excited about is to see what innovative solutions that will emerge from their blockchain API.

 

SoftSpace

Source: The Star

Softspace is amongst one of the earlier Malaysian players in the fintech space, their solution is simple yet elegant. They operate in the MPOS space which enables SME retailers to accept card payments. What is notable about Softspace is the fact that they are the 1st in APAC and 2nd in the world to receive an EMV certification for their MPOS solution.

When asked why he felt their solution is important, Chew Soon; the Founder of Softspace shared an emotional story about what inspired him to start Softspace.

“The reason why I started this company was because of my dad, he runs a motorcycle spare parts distribution business”.

He then continued with a hint of sadness in his voice “There was one night where I went home for dinner, I saw this very sad look on my dad’s face, and I can’t remember the last time I saw him this sad. My father told me that there was this sales man that worked with him for seven years and he had not showed up for the last 4-5 days and he has collected close to a RM 100,000”. Had there been a solution that enabled his father to accept electronic payments, this situation could have been avoided.

“That’s when I realized there’s something we can do” said, Chen Soon.

Why we selected them: While RM 100,000 may not be a significant sum of money for larger organisations, for an SME like Chew Soon’s father the effects can be devastating. Beyond avoiding unfortunate stories like what happened to Chew Soon’s father, an MPOS solutions can also do wonders to increase the sales generated by the SME’s, by providing more payment options for their customers.

On the other side of the divide, this solution helps banks to reach a previously untapped market with a cost effective solution. Softspace also has the impressive track record of working with 19 banks across the region. Despite the success Softspace is eyeing to expand their services beyond MPOS, they have laid out plans to venture into HCE and P2P lending.

 

Katsana

Source: Katsana

At first glance, the name sounds rather Japanese but the name Katsana really means “Kat Sana” which is a colloquial way of saying “It’s right there” in Malay. In essence, Katsana’s solution is a GPS solution that tracks the behavior of the drivers.

Having the ability to track driver behavior can help insurance companies set their premiums based on a more accurate risk profile of their policy holders. With Katsana’s solution, insurance companies will be able to analyse the driver’s tendency to speed, brake suddenly, take sharp corners dangerously and based on that data, the insurance firm can then tailor the policy to the drivers behavior.

One of the major challenges according to the founder, Fuhaqa is adoption from the consumer who are understandably concerned about privacy. When Fuhaqa was asked how his startup plans to overcome this challenge he said with a cheeky grin “Well, parents are really the group we’ll be marketing to, as parents will always want to keep their children safe and Katsana enables parents to be able to better understand the driving behavior of their children”.

Another model that can be considered for Katsana would be to distribute the solution through insurance companies to quickly scale to market.

Why we selected them: The de-tariffication of the general insurance industry will be coming up this year. Having spoken to many of the insurance players in the market, the general consensus is that the industry is a sleeping giant waiting to be awakened. The de-tariffication will encourage the sector to push through more innovations in efforts to remain competitive.

A usage based insurance for motor vehicles not only will attract a number of users, it will also allow for the insurance companies to limit their claims loss. When asked further on how Katsana aims to solve this issue, Fuhaqa said

“Averagely, on every dollar insurance companies losses roughly 71.5% on claims, we believe Katsana can solve this issue. We have two PHD holders on our team, one of which is working on predictive analytics and the other is on gamification. We believe that through the concept of gamification we can significantly reduce accidents by shaping driver behavior and as a result, lowering accident rates. Our internal studies have shown that risky behavior is reduced by 63% with our solution”.

He then continued “We have a solid track record of recovering missing vehicles, in this two and a half years that we’ve been in the market, we have recovered between RM 8 million to RM 9 Million worth of stolen or lost vehicles”.

With both those things combined, Fuhaqa believes that Katsana can reduce the claim loss in a meaningful way.

Conclusion

With a fintech framework in the pipeline, most major banks are working with fintech in one way or another and several promising players in the local fintech startup scene, Malaysia’s fintech space while not fully matured definitely looks hopeful.

As we speak, more and more fintech startups are emerging locally. Perhaps, soon we will have even more startups to feature in an article. What are your thoughts, do you think Malaysia will rise to be a gateway for fintech in Asia Pacific or will Malaysia lose the race to some of its competitive neighbours? Nevertheless, as a fellow consumer I am sure we will all benefit from this fintech arms race.

Quick Plug: Interested to find out more the fintech scene in Malaysia? Join us for our 8th BankTech Asia Conference & Exhibition in November 2016

 

About the Author

Vincent Fong is the General Manager of Knowledge Group and a self-proclaimed pundit of banking technology and fintech

Sneak Peek into Indonesia’s Fintech Regulation

Indonesia’s banking sector much like other parts of Asia is ripe for disruption from Fintech. While the banking sector has always been the cornerstone of economies, being the monolithic entities that they are, there are many gaps that can prove to be difficult to fulfil.

Regulators from around the world and Asia are very aware of that reality and Indonesia as a rapidly developing nation of opportunities is not blind to that fact. Having just finished BankTech Asia Jakarta this week, we had the pleasure of having Mr Dumoly F. Pardede who is the Deputy Commissioner of Supervision of OJK (Financial Services Authority) and Mr Tuahta A Saragih who is the Deputy Director of Enforcement, Financial Supervision Directorate to share an outline of what the Fintech regulation of Indonesia will look like at BankTech Asia Jakarta.

One of the key areas highlighted by OJK was the fact that financial distribution amongst the SME’s were severely lacking and the reality is that the banks alone are unable to solve this issue. Mr Tuahta was quoted saying that out of the 60 million Micro SME’s only 11 million of them have loan accounts in banks and they are largely concentrated within the Java Island.

financing distribution

 

MSME’s and SME’s are the backbone of economies and access to finance facilities is the lifeblood of these entities, the lack of distribution to them is not in line with Indonesia’s national program. He then added that this is where Fintech can really contribute to the nation.

With that in mind amongst various other factors was the reason why OJK came out with the guideline.

Dumoly quote

Mr Dumoly emphasized that while it is important to manage risks, it is also equally important to not stifle Fintech at its infancy. From what we gather during the speech, this is why the approach is being taken.

Mr Tuahta then shared  on the outline of how Fintech will be classified and the regulations that they will fall under, which provides some clarity on how Fintech companies can operate within Indonesia

Classificatio

It is also interesting to note that in a separate panel on Financial Inclusion Mr Pungky Wibowo who is the Head Group Development of Retail Payment System and Financial Inclusion also shared similar views that Fintech solutions can play a big role in financial inclusion, however as a regulator, he opined that they must still be on their toes to counter money laundering and terrorism financing.

Pungky Quote

All in all, our take is that, it is certainly very heartening to see the regulators encouraging the development of fintech in Indonesia. Emphasizing the regulator’s commitment in growing Fintech, both Mr Dumoly F. Pardede and Mr Tuahta A. Saragih is actively involved in organizing the Indonesia Fintech Festival, in which the guideline will formally be announced. We encourage anyone who is in Indonesia during that time to take part in this wonderful initiative from the Indonesian government.

 

About the Author

Vincent Fong is the General Manager of Knowledge Group and a self-proclaimed pundit of banking technology and fintech